Puppy Dog Grooming Routine

Puppy Grooming Routine: A discussion with Dr. Smita

Hi. Welcome to our video Petzz series. Today we are going to talk with doctor Dr. Smita, our vet expert, about the grooming routine of a puppy.

R1: Hello, doctor! Before going into details about the grooming routine, let’s define the concept and why is it important even for a puppy?

V1: Hello! Well, grooming is not at all a new concept, it was actually a solution to a common problem in 16th century: some hunting dog breeds had long hair that hindered them in water or snow, so european hunters started trimming the fur in some parts of the dog’s body, leaving vital areas like the joints, the chest or the head covered with fur. Later on, “practical” turned into “style” and the rest is history.

Today, grooming means basically to take care of your dog’s hygiene and cleanliness, or styling its coat in a particular way, either according to the breed’s looks, or for dog competitions and shows.

Puppies are playful and curious and while they learn how to eat or play with other siblings, they will often get dirty, as food or dirt get stuck in their fur. Keeping their coat clean is important in order to have a healthy puppy.

R2: What does grooming a puppy mean exactly?

V2: Grooming means cleaning and brushing a puppy’s coat, but also clipping its nails (if necessary) and cleaning its ears. Brushing a puppy’s fur is recommended as it removes dirt, dandruff or dead hair. Plus, regular brushing brings out the natural oils in the dog’s fur, and during brushing these oils are spread over the entire coat giving it a healthy shiny look.

R3: When should we start the grooming routine for a puppy?

V3: If you’re brushing your puppy at home, you can start as early as 3 weeks of age, and you can use a soft damp cloth and a toothbrush. If you want to have your puppy groomed by a professional, you can start this routine after the puppy has received at least 2 rounds of vaccination and has built some immunity, generally after 3 months old, otherwise you risk exposing it to some very serious diseases from other dogs.

R4: I guess brushing is the easy part, but what about a bath? When and how often can we bathe a puppy?

V4: As long as they have their mother around them, she will step in to clean them whenever they are dirty. When they are no longer with the mother, puppies should not be bathed too often, but only when they are very dirty or very smelly. Bathing a puppy too often it will hinder its skin’s ability to produce the natural oils that make it soft and silky.

We can start bathing a puppy during the first few weeks, just as we bathe a baby. Make sure the water is warm and you have a couple of dry towels to dry the water after giving him a bath.

R5: What cleaning products should we use to bathe a puppy? Can we use products for human use?

V5: Choose a good quality puppy tearless shampoo or an organic one, and be careful to not put too much on him. Always squeeze a few drops of shampoo in your hand and gently wash the puppy’s fur starting from the head down. Do not use human shampooing products, as they have a different pH level and they often contain harsh detergents that can damage a dog’s skin.

R6: What should we keep in mind when bathing a puppy?

V6: Keep his head out of the water, don’t put shampoo into his eyes and ears and don’t let him outside before he’s completely dry.

R: Pretty much the same as with a baby:)

V: Yes, exactly.

R: Thank you, doctor! I hope our Petzz expert answered the many questions related to puppy grooming. We will meet again next week to discuss about the grooming routine for adult dogs.

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Adult Dog Grooming Routine

Adult Dog Grooming Routine: A discussion with Dr. Manu
Hi. Welcome to our video Petzz series. Today we are going to talk with doctor Dr. Manu, our vet expert, about the grooming routine of adult dogs.

R1: Hello, doctor! Last week we discussed about a related topic – how to groom a puppy-, so it’s only natural that today we are going to talk about the grooming of adult dogs. How is grooming an adult dog different from grooming a puppy?

V1: Hello! Essentially there’s not much of a difference in grooming a puppy or an adult dog, since grooming an adult dog means the same thing as in a puppy’s case: brushing the coat, giving him a bath, cleaning its ears and clipping the nails. But there are a few details that need to be mentioned though:

● Adult dogs shed their coat twice a year, once before the hot season and again before the cold season. So when your dog is shedding, you’ll have to brush him more often to remove the excess of dead hair that flies around the house.

● Some specific dog breeds or older dogs who don’t walk much need their nails to be clipped regularly in order to prevent injuries

● Also, with older dogs you need to keep an eye on their ear hygiene, as they tend to display ear infections quite often. Ear infections might be due to dog scratching and bruising the ear tissue that afterwards becomes infected, or diet that is too high in protein.

● Another important aspect that is part of the grooming routine is the emptying of a dog’s anal glands that should be done by a veterinarian a few times a year. Street dogs use their anal glands to spray and mark their territory thus emptying them every now and then, but dogs that live mostly inside don’t get the chance to empty their anal glands until they are too full and they just burst when the dog makes a sudden move.

R2: How many times a month or a year should we give a bath to an adult dog?
V2: Just as with a puppy, not too many times, generally once or twice a year or only when the dog has rolled into mud or into something very smelly. Bathing your dog excessively can cause him dermatitis, dandruff and dry skin and lose the shiny look of the fur which is given by the essential oils in his skin.

R3: What products should we use to bathe an adult dog? Can we use shampoos or conditioners designed for human use?

V3: As with puppies, It’s not recommended to use regular shampoos or conditioners designed for human use because these usually contain harmful detergents that will inhibit the production of essential oils in a dog’s skin, ultimately causing them skin diseases. The best thing is to use products designed especially for dogs, or organic shampoos and conditioners as long as you are certain they are made of naturals oils and plants.

R4: What do you advise dog owners who have long haired dog breeds?

V4: Long-haired dog breeds definitely need regular brushing and grooming as their fur can quickly become tangled and matted. Pet owners should brush their dogs at least twice a week.

R5: Is fur trimming recommended?

V5: If a dog has been neglected for some time, only brushing is not an option and fur trimming will be necessary to get rid of all the dead and matted fur. This can be done by a professional groomer. However, keep in mind that long-haired dog breeds have at least two layers of hair that helps them regulate their body temperature and prevents them from sunburn. Fur trimming is not recommended unless it’s absolutely necessary. Of course, short-haired dogs don’t need trimming.

R6: Except for grooming what else can we do to ensure that our dog has smooth shiny looking coat? Do supplements help?

V6: Yes, supplements for skin and coat can help a dog improve his skin and fur condition and it’s recommended you give them to your dog 2-3 times a year for 30 days. Salmon oil is another very good and healthy addition to your dog’s diet. It contains vitamins and fatty acids that are essential for a dog’s skin and coat. Salmon oil will help him with shedding and will give his fur a healthy glow.

R: Thank you, doctor! We hope that all this information will help you and your dog. We’ll see you next week when we’ll talk about….

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Puppy Dog Vaccination and Deworming

Puppy Vaccination and Deworming: A discussion with Dr. Akshay
R: Hi. Welcome to a new “Ask the Vet/Petzz Expert” episode in our video series. Today we are going to talk with doctor Dr. [Dr Akshay], our vet expert, about the importance of vaccinating a puppy.

R1: Hello, Dr. [Dr Akshay]. There are still pet owners who don’t think vaccination is important for their dogs and often skip this step. Can you tell us how important is vaccinating a puppy?

V1: Vaccination means literally the difference between life and death. A puppy’s immune system doesn’t have the capability to cope alone with deadly diseases such as canine distemper or parvovirus and hence vaccination is paramount. Also, vaccination is the best and only means to eradicate deadly dog diseases and stop them from spreading.

R2: Can a puppy be in contact with other dogs before vaccination or can it be taken out for a walk before vaccination?

V2: Definitely not. The only dogs a puppy can be in contact with are those in the nest, specifically the puppy’s mother and the rest of the litter. The bitch’s milk helps building a puppy’s immune system, but unvaccinated puppies are extremely vulnerable to deadly diseases and should not be exposed to other dogs or the outside. Even when taken to the vet for vaccination, the pet parent should never allow other dogs to sniff or lick the puppy, or put the puppy down on the floor. The puppy should be held in a dog carrier or in the pet parent’s arms, away from other dogs.

R3: When should the first vaccine be given to a puppy? And what is the correct vaccination scheme for a puppy?

V3: The first vaccine should be given to a puppy as soon as it leaves the nest, between 6-8 weeks of life. It’s a trivalent vaccine given for distemper, hepatitis and parainfluenza. After 10 days the puppy will receive a second DHPPi vaccine (for distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and parainfluenza), followed by a DHPPi RL booster shot another 10 days later, which includes immunization against rabies and leptospirosis as well.

R4: What is the relation between vaccination and deworming? Why is deworming important?

V4: Deworming is just essential for a puppy as vaccination is, and it’s done to prevent illnesses caused by internal parasites such as roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. Usually, 1-2 days before receiving a vaccine the puppy is dewormed so that it can eliminate the intestinal parasites before the vaccination is given, since the puppy needs to be in a good and healthy condition before vaccination.

R5: What is the deworming scheme for a puppy?
V5: The deworming scheme for a puppy is pretty simple. The veterinarian will give one dose of deworming before each vaccine, so in the first 12-14 weeks the puppy will be given 3 dewormings. Then, to prevent parasite infestation, the puppy should be dewormed every 4 months.

R: Thank you, doctor!

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Healthy Diet for Adult Dogs

Healthy Diet for Adult Dogs: A discussion with Dr. Akshay
R: Hi. Welcome to a new “Ask the Vet/Petzz Expert” episode in our video series. Our vet expert, Dr. Akshay, will talk to us today about the healthy diet of an adult dog.

R1: Hello, Dr. Akshay. When it comes to a dog’s diet there are a lot of opinions being passed around, basically every dog owner thinks that he knows best how to feed his dog. But is it really so? Tell us a few things about how important is a balanced diet for an adult dog.

V1: It’s true that every owner believes he knows best what his dog should eat, but more often than not dog owners do make mistakes when it comes to their dog’s’ diet, so when in doubt it’s better to ask the vet.

First and foremost, a healthy dog diet should not be composed of scraps and leftovers from their owners’ meals. Of course that almost every dog will be watching you while you eat and you just can’t handle the teary eyes and you end up giving him a piece of your food. However, you have to make sure that the food you are eating is completely safe for your dog, but bear in mind that this is not a behaviour that you should reinforce.

Just as a human’s diet, a dog diet should include protein, fats and carbs, but their percentages vary greatly from humans’ intake. A dog should have more protein and fat and little carbohydrates. Also, a healthy diet should include greens and vegetables besides meat and kibbles. A balanced diet makes the difference between a lean healthy dog and a dog whose immune system is weak.

R2: Doctor, you mentioned greens and veggies as part of a healthy diet. What greens and veggies we can feed our dogs? And what about fruits?

V2: Leafy greens like spinach are great for dogs, and also carrots, baked potatoes or sweet potatoes, cucumbers, broccoli, and cooked peas or beans should be part of a dog’s diet. If your dog likes fruits, you can give him apples, pears, blueberries, watermelon or pumpkin. During hot summer days, you can even freeze these fruits and give them to your dog as an icicle which will help him stay hydrated, and entertain him as well.

R3: Are bones safe for dogs? What bones should we give a dog?

V3: Fish and chicken bones should never be given to dogs as they pose a great risk of piercing through their digestive tract. Safer options are turkey or mutton bones, but even these should be half cooked and not given raw.

R4: Is a diet based solely on kibbles – even from reputed brands – or processed dog food recommended for a dog?

V4: Kibbles are a form of highly concentrated dog food that should be given moderately, always use a measure and feed your dog according to his weight. There are good brands of kibbles of course, but a dog’s diet should include other foods besides this too. Canned food is also a good option as long as you choose a good brand, but again you should not feed your dog only canned meat and not all the time.

R5: How can we improve a dog’s diet?

V5: A balanced diet that includes raw foods, meat, greens, veggies and kibbles or canned dog food would be a very good balanced diet. Additionally, you can give your dog supplements (minerals, vitamins), 2-3 times a year for 1 month. For a nice shiny coat and healthy joints you can add a few drops of salmon oil to your dog’s food every day.

R6: What signs will a dog with a poor diet show? What health issues can be triggered by a poor or unbalanced diet?

V6:Diet is the most important part in a dog’s life. A poor or an unbalanced diet can lead to an array of diseases ranging over time from skin diseases to liver and kidney failure. A dog that is not fed good food can be skinny, lethargic, can exhibit hair loss, rashes, dandruff, dermatitis. Also, if a dog is too fat, he’ll have other health problems such as joint problems or diabetes.

R7: What foods we should never feed our dogs? Is milk a good food for a dog?

V7: Dogs should not be given sweets or any human food with a high sugar content, especially chocolate which is toxic for them, and even some fruits and nuts (grapes, strawberries, raisins, macadamia nuts, cashews, peanuts.

Regarding milk, dogs can be lactose intolerant just like humans and will suffer the same symptoms whenever they eat dairy products. Some dogs cannot digest the cow milk enzymes at all and will have gas, diarrhea or vomiting, others will not have any issues.

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