Diet of an Older Puppy Dog

Diet of an Older Puppy: A discussion with Dr. Manu
Hello! Welcome to a new episode of our video Petzz series. Today we’ll be discussing with our Petzz expert about the diet of older puppies.

R1: Hello, doctor……! First of all, let’s get something straight: until what age are dogs considered puppies?

V1: Hello! Until they are around 1 year old, dogs are puppies, but this depends on the puppy’s breed: small breeds reach adulthood sooner than large dog breeds. Small breed dogs reach adulthood at around 9 months of age, while larger breeds become adult dog at around 15 months old.

R2: I have asked this because a few weeks ago we talked about a small puppy’s diet and what to feed a puppy after it is weaned, and how to move to a solid diet. What I would like to find out today is what do we feed older puppies, after 4 months old?

V2: Hello! Yes, after 4 months of age a puppy moves to a fully solid diet, of course, and it can be fed a variety of fresh food and vegetables, rice, meat, bread, kibbles and even some fruits.

R3: It’s not very different from an adult dog’s diet.

V3: Actually it is, because puppies need more nutrients, minerals and carbs to help them with growth. A puppy’s diet requirements are different than those of and adult dog. Until a puppy reaches adulthood, he’ll need more meals a day and a higher percentage of protein and fat than an adult dog. That’s why there’s an obvious difference between food for puppies and food for adult dogs. Puppy food has more calories and proteins.

R4: How many times a day should we feed older puppies? And how much food should we give them?

V4: As their digestive system is still developing, it’s recommended to feed them smaller portions 3-4 times a day, rather than 2 big meals. Older puppies should be fed 2-4 times a day, depending on their size, large breeds need more food than smaller breeds, of course, and depending on the type of food you feed them.

Dry dog food or kibbles is a concentrated form of food, so you should measure the appropriate quantity before feeding your puppy. Most dog food bags show a feeding chart depending on the dog’s weight and breed. It’s advisable to buy a graded cup from a pet store and use it to measure the dry food quantity for every meal.

If you choose to feed your dog cooked food, note that as a general rule, dogs will eat around 2-3 percent of their body weight daily. Large dogs tend to eat a lower percentage, and small dogs a higher percentage of their body weights. Toy breeds may need as much as 4 to 5 percent of their body weight daily, while giant breeds might eat as little as 1½ percent, or even less.

R5: Are supplements required in a growing puppy’s diet? What supplements should we give a puppy?

V5: If your puppy eats a wide variety of foods and in sufficient amounts, then supplements are not really required, though they are highly recommended. Puppies should be given growth supplements that include the necessary vitamins and minerals for their growth. Raw or cold-pressed salmon oil is also a good option, just sprinkle a few drops on your dog’s food.

R: Thank you, doctor! Keep an eye on our video Petzz series next week when we’ll talk about deworming and vaccination of adult dogs.

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Adult Dog Grooming Routine

Adult Dog Grooming Routine: A discussion with Dr. Manu
Hi. Welcome to our video Petzz series. Today we are going to talk with doctor Dr. Manu, our vet expert, about the grooming routine of adult dogs.

R1: Hello, doctor! Last week we discussed about a related topic – how to groom a puppy-, so it’s only natural that today we are going to talk about the grooming of adult dogs. How is grooming an adult dog different from grooming a puppy?

V1: Hello! Essentially there’s not much of a difference in grooming a puppy or an adult dog, since grooming an adult dog means the same thing as in a puppy’s case: brushing the coat, giving him a bath, cleaning its ears and clipping the nails. But there are a few details that need to be mentioned though:

● Adult dogs shed their coat twice a year, once before the hot season and again before the cold season. So when your dog is shedding, you’ll have to brush him more often to remove the excess of dead hair that flies around the house.

● Some specific dog breeds or older dogs who don’t walk much need their nails to be clipped regularly in order to prevent injuries

● Also, with older dogs you need to keep an eye on their ear hygiene, as they tend to display ear infections quite often. Ear infections might be due to dog scratching and bruising the ear tissue that afterwards becomes infected, or diet that is too high in protein.

● Another important aspect that is part of the grooming routine is the emptying of a dog’s anal glands that should be done by a veterinarian a few times a year. Street dogs use their anal glands to spray and mark their territory thus emptying them every now and then, but dogs that live mostly inside don’t get the chance to empty their anal glands until they are too full and they just burst when the dog makes a sudden move.

R2: How many times a month or a year should we give a bath to an adult dog?
V2: Just as with a puppy, not too many times, generally once or twice a year or only when the dog has rolled into mud or into something very smelly. Bathing your dog excessively can cause him dermatitis, dandruff and dry skin and lose the shiny look of the fur which is given by the essential oils in his skin.

R3: What products should we use to bathe an adult dog? Can we use shampoos or conditioners designed for human use?

V3: As with puppies, It’s not recommended to use regular shampoos or conditioners designed for human use because these usually contain harmful detergents that will inhibit the production of essential oils in a dog’s skin, ultimately causing them skin diseases. The best thing is to use products designed especially for dogs, or organic shampoos and conditioners as long as you are certain they are made of naturals oils and plants.

R4: What do you advise dog owners who have long haired dog breeds?

V4: Long-haired dog breeds definitely need regular brushing and grooming as their fur can quickly become tangled and matted. Pet owners should brush their dogs at least twice a week.

R5: Is fur trimming recommended?

V5: If a dog has been neglected for some time, only brushing is not an option and fur trimming will be necessary to get rid of all the dead and matted fur. This can be done by a professional groomer. However, keep in mind that long-haired dog breeds have at least two layers of hair that helps them regulate their body temperature and prevents them from sunburn. Fur trimming is not recommended unless it’s absolutely necessary. Of course, short-haired dogs don’t need trimming.

R6: Except for grooming what else can we do to ensure that our dog has smooth shiny looking coat? Do supplements help?

V6: Yes, supplements for skin and coat can help a dog improve his skin and fur condition and it’s recommended you give them to your dog 2-3 times a year for 30 days. Salmon oil is another very good and healthy addition to your dog’s diet. It contains vitamins and fatty acids that are essential for a dog’s skin and coat. Salmon oil will help him with shedding and will give his fur a healthy glow.

R: Thank you, doctor! We hope that all this information will help you and your dog. We’ll see you next week when we’ll talk about….

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Puppy Dog Vaccination and Deworming

Puppy Vaccination and Deworming: A discussion with Dr. Akshay
R: Hi. Welcome to a new “Ask the Vet/Petzz Expert” episode in our video series. Today we are going to talk with doctor Dr. [Dr Akshay], our vet expert, about the importance of vaccinating a puppy.

R1: Hello, Dr. [Dr Akshay]. There are still pet owners who don’t think vaccination is important for their dogs and often skip this step. Can you tell us how important is vaccinating a puppy?

V1: Vaccination means literally the difference between life and death. A puppy’s immune system doesn’t have the capability to cope alone with deadly diseases such as canine distemper or parvovirus and hence vaccination is paramount. Also, vaccination is the best and only means to eradicate deadly dog diseases and stop them from spreading.

R2: Can a puppy be in contact with other dogs before vaccination or can it be taken out for a walk before vaccination?

V2: Definitely not. The only dogs a puppy can be in contact with are those in the nest, specifically the puppy’s mother and the rest of the litter. The bitch’s milk helps building a puppy’s immune system, but unvaccinated puppies are extremely vulnerable to deadly diseases and should not be exposed to other dogs or the outside. Even when taken to the vet for vaccination, the pet parent should never allow other dogs to sniff or lick the puppy, or put the puppy down on the floor. The puppy should be held in a dog carrier or in the pet parent’s arms, away from other dogs.

R3: When should the first vaccine be given to a puppy? And what is the correct vaccination scheme for a puppy?

V3: The first vaccine should be given to a puppy as soon as it leaves the nest, between 6-8 weeks of life. It’s a trivalent vaccine given for distemper, hepatitis and parainfluenza. After 10 days the puppy will receive a second DHPPi vaccine (for distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and parainfluenza), followed by a DHPPi RL booster shot another 10 days later, which includes immunization against rabies and leptospirosis as well.

R4: What is the relation between vaccination and deworming? Why is deworming important?

V4: Deworming is just essential for a puppy as vaccination is, and it’s done to prevent illnesses caused by internal parasites such as roundworms, hookworms, tapeworms, and whipworms. Usually, 1-2 days before receiving a vaccine the puppy is dewormed so that it can eliminate the intestinal parasites before the vaccination is given, since the puppy needs to be in a good and healthy condition before vaccination.

R5: What is the deworming scheme for a puppy?
V5: The deworming scheme for a puppy is pretty simple. The veterinarian will give one dose of deworming before each vaccine, so in the first 12-14 weeks the puppy will be given 3 dewormings. Then, to prevent parasite infestation, the puppy should be dewormed every 4 months.

R: Thank you, doctor!

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How to Wean a Dog Puppy

How to Wean a puppy: A discussion with Dr. Smita

Hi. Welcome to our video Petzz series. Today we are going to talk with doctor Dr. [Dr. Smita], our vet expert, about how to safely wean a puppy. Just like human babies, puppies are weaned and the nursing is replaced with a more solid diet.

R1: Hello, Doctor [Dr. Smita]! There’s quite a debate as to what is the right age to wean a puppy: some vets recommend puppies to be introduced to solid food around 3 weeks old, others suggest a slightly later age. What is the right age for a puppy to be weaned?

V1: Generally, we can’t say there is a right age to wean a puppy, but generally around 3-4 weeks old, puppies will start to show interest in other kinds of food other than their mother’s milk. So, that is the right time you can start introducing the puppy to a new diet, around his 4th week.

R2: How should we introduce the puppy to the new diet? Gradually or can we change it over a few days?

V2: No dog diet should be changed suddenly, as it can cause digestive problems. With puppies is even more delicate since their digestive system is not fully formed, so that’s why we’ll introduce them gradually to a new diet. We can start with a semi-liquid mix of starter or weaning formula (you can find these puppy foods in almost any pet shop). The weaning formula should be a dog product and not a human one, as puppy formulas are specifically tailored to meet the dietary needs of a puppy.

Put the mix in a small shallow pan or bowl and gently place the puppy at the edge of the pan. As soon as they smell the food they’ll start licking it by themselves. Lazy puppies that are a bit reluctant to approach the new food can be given a gentle push by putting their chin in the pan with food.

R3: Should the puppy be fed formula together with a solid diet? What food should we feed as solid diet? Rice with meat and vegetables, kibbles, canned dog food?

V3: Yes, at the start of the weaning period, the puppy can have 2-3 formula meals and 1-2 semi-liquid meals. Then gradually increase the number of the semi-liquid meals and decrease the number of formula meals. After a week of semi-liquid diet, we can start thickening the food with grounded puppy starter food (small kibbles) or puppy canned food. Since they are only starting to get their teeth, puppies can’t eat a solid diet, that’s why you can soften the puppy starter kibbles in water before you give them or smash them into smaller pieces and add them to the semi-liquid mix.

R4: When nursing and as he’s around his mother a puppy will eat as many times as he feels hungry. After weaning, how many times a day should a puppy be fed?

V4: After weaning a puppy should have 5 meals a day and around his 6h week, we should come down to 4 meals a day of high quality puppy food.

R5: What about water? How should we introduce a puppy to water? How much water should a puppy drink daily?

V5: Water intake is important for puppies and they should be introduced to water the same way we introduce them to the puppy weaning formula. Puppies should ½ a cup of water every two hours depending on their size of course. After the weaning period, when they have more solid food, a puppy should drink between 15-30 ml per kg of body weight. So if your puppy weighs 4 kg, it should drink 100-120 ml of water daily. As a general rule, puppies drink more water than adult dogs.

R6: As pet parents, how can we devise a weaning time schedule?

R6: Thank you, Dr.[Smita]. I hope our Petzz expert managed to throw some light on how to wean a puppy safely. We will meet again next week to discuss about how important is vaccination and deworming for a puppy.

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